Aloe Vera

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  • Aloe Vera

The medicinal herb Aloe Vera as an alternative herbal remedy for burns, diabetes and osteoarthritis - aloe, burn plant, lily of the desert, elephant's gall :

Latin Names--Aloe vera, Aloe barbadensisPicture of Alloe Vera

  • Red aloe (Aloe ferox) is known for its tonic effect on digestive functioning. It is also a natural remedy to support healthy bowel movements. Recent research and studies have shown Aloe to be particularly effective in maintaining healthy digestion and routine, healthy stools. (Odes HS, Madar Z. "A double-blind trial of a celandin, aloe vera and psyllium laxative preparation in adult patients with constipation". Digestion. 1991;49(2):65-71). (Langmead L, Feakins RM, Goldthorpe S, et al. "Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of oral aloe vera gel for active ulcerative colitis".
Aloe vera in a pot
Aloe Vera in a pot
Aloe vera in pots by the window
Aloe Vera in pots by the window
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Aloe Vera Plant
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Aloe Vera Flowers
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Aloe Vera Plantation
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Aloe Vera leaves for sale next to the asparagus in a supermarket

What Alloe Vera Is Used For

  • Traditionally an herbal remedy for burns, aloe was used topically to heal wounds and for various skin conditions, and orally as a laxative.
  • Today, in addition to traditional uses, people take aloe orally to treat a variety of conditions, including diabetes, asthma, epilepsy, and osteoarthritis. People use aloe topically for osteoarthritis, burns, and sunburns.
  • Aloe vera gel can be found in hundreds of skin products, including lotions and sunblocks.
  • The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved aloe vera as a natural food flavoring.
  • Aloe Ferox (Aloe) has been traditionally used in wound healing since ancient times. The Egyptians were using Aloe as early as 1500BC. Aloe contains a number of active compounds that have proven healing properties and an excellent effect on skin health, growth and repair. It is not surprising that Aloe has a history of being a common household remedy and is found in many commercial skin care preparations!

How Aloe Vera Is Used

  • Aloe leaves contain a clear gel that is often used as a topical ointment. The green part of the leaf that surrounds the gel can be used to produce a juice or a dried substance (called latex) that is taken by mouth.
  • The aloe vera gel can be applied directly to the wound. It can be applied to a new cut, abrasion, or an insect bite. The soothing effect of the aloe vera gel can be felt almost immediately.
  • The aloe vera gel if applied immediately to a cut or wound, prevents the onset of an infection. The common band-aid can be used over the wound to keep the aloe vera gel in place.
  • The aloe vera gel can be applied to mosquito or insect bites. Brings immediate relief to any itchy feeling. You can see the swelling go down within a couple of minutes.

Aloe species are frequently cultivated as ornamental plants both in gardens and in pots. Many aloe species are highly decorative and are valued by collectors of succulents. Aloe vera is used both internally and externally on humans, and is claimed to have some medicinal effects, which have been supported by scientific and medical research. The gel in the leaves can be made into a smooth type of cream that can heal burns such as sunburn. They can also be made into types of special soaps.

What the Science Says about Alloe Vera

  • Aloe latex contains strong laxative compounds. Products made with various components of aloe (aloin, aloe-emodin, and barbaloin) were at one time regulated by the FDA as oral over-the-counter (OTC) laxatives. In 2002, the FDA required that all OTC aloe laxative products be removed from the U.S. market or reformulated because the companies that manufactured them did not provide the necessary safety data.
  • Early studies show that topical aloe gel may help heal burns and abrasions. One study, however, showed that aloe gel inhibits healing of deep surgical wounds. Aloe gel does not prevent burns from radiation therapy.
  • There is not enough scientific evidence to support aloe vera for any of its other uses.

Side Effects and Cautions about Alloe Vera

  • Use of topical aloe vera is not associated with significant side effects. Abdominal cramps and diarrhea have been reported with oral use of aloe vera. Diarrhea, caused by the laxative effect of oral aloe vera, can decrease the absorption of many drugs.
  • People with diabetes who use glucose-lowering medication should be cautious if also taking aloe by mouth because preliminary studies suggest aloe may lower blood glucose levels.
  • Tell your health care providers about any complementary and alternative practices you use. Give them a full picture of what you do to manage your health. This will help ensure coordinated and safe care.

Types of Aloe Vera Plants

  • Red aloe (Aloe ferox) is known for its tonic effect on digestive functioning. It is also a natural remedy to support healthy bowel movements. Recent research and studies have shown Aloe to be particularly effective in maintaining healthy digestion and routine, healthy stools. (Odes HS, Madar Z. "A double-blind trial of a celandin, aloe vera and psyllium laxative preparation in adult patients with constipation". Digestion. 1991;49(2):65-71). (Langmead L, Feakins RM, Goldthorpe S, et al. "Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of oral aloe vera gel for active ulcerative colitis". Aliment.Pharmacol.Ther. 4-1-2004;19(7):739-747.) One of the ingredients in Natural Moves™

Aloe Vera Products

Aloe Vera has been commercially distributed in many ways. Most of the products are extracts of the aloe vera gel.

Aloe Vera Gel

Aloe Vera Gel used for osteoarthritis, burns and sunburns, It is relatively easy to care for the aloe vera plant. The aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis) plant is about 95% water therefore, Aloe vera prospers beautifully in frost-free climates. Well-drained sandy soil, or sandy loam with moderate sunlight is suitable for the aloe vera plant. Aloe vera plants are great as indoor or house plants. Make sure that you use quality pots with proper drainage holes. Wider pots rather than deeper pots are better because Aloes have a shallow, spreading root system. You should allow the potted aloe vera plants to completely dry out prior to re-watering. Aloe vera becomes dormant in winter, at which time very little moisture is required. Do not expose aloe vera plants to extreme cold temperatures.

There are over 150 species of Aloe Vera, and they are mostly native of South Africa. The aloe vera gel which is gathered from inside the leaf of the aloe vera plant has excellent healing properties especially when applied to cuts and burns. When the aloe vera gel is applied to skin which is sunburnt, the cooling effect of the aloe vera gel gives immediate relief.

Herbal Remedy Products with Aloe Vera as part of the ingredients

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  • Natural Moves™ - Herbal remedy helps maintain regularity and support healthy regular bowel movements
    • Maintains normal bowel movements and bowel regularity
    • Supports the body’s process of regular toxin and waste removal
    • Addresses non-recurrent and non-persistent constipation
    • Acts as an effective liver tonic
    • Supports healthy peristaltic movement through the digestive tract
  • One of the ingredients: Red aloe (Aloe ferox) is known for its tonic effect on digestive functioning. It is also a natural remedy to support healthy bowel movements. Recent research and studies have shown Aloe to be particularly effective in maintaining healthy digestion and routine, healthy stools (Odes HS, Madar Z. "A double-blind trial of a celandin, aloe vera and psyllium laxative preparation in adult patients with constipation." Digestion. 1991; 49(2):65-71). (Langmead L, Feakins RM, Goldthorpe S, et al. "Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of oral aloe vera gel for active ulcerative colitis." Aliment.Pharmacol.Ther. 4-1-2004; 19(7):739-747.).

Historical uses of Aloe Vera

Historical use of various aloe species is well documented. Documentation of the clinical effectiveness is available, although relatively limited.

Of the 500+ species, only a few were used traditionally as a herbal medicine, aloe vera again being the most commonly used species. Also included are A. perryi and A. ferox. The Ancient Greeks and Romans used aloe vera to treat wounds. In the Middle Ages, the yellowish liquid found inside the leaves was favored as a purgative. Unprocessed aloe that contains aloin is generally used as a laxative, whereas processed aloe vera juice does not usually contain significant aloin.

Some species, particularly aloe vera, are used in alternative medicine and first aid. Both the translucent inner pulp and the resinous yellow aloin from wounding the aloe plant are used externally to relieve skin discomforts. As an herbal medicine, aloe vera juice is commonly used internally to relieve digestive discomfort.

There have been relatively few studies about possible benefits of aloe gel taken internally. Components of Aloe may inhibit tumor growth. There have been some studies in animal models which indicate that extracts of Aloe have a significant anti-hyperglycemic effect, and may be useful in treating Type II diabetes. These studies have not been confirmed in humans.

News About Aloe Vera

7 Aloe Vera Plant Uses

By Chelsea Clark (Health Advisory Institute)

All my close friends and family members have aloe vera plants of their own (especially after I gave the plants as gifts for Christmas a few years ago). Why? Because of the seemingly endless aloe vera plant uses for natural healthcare in the home.

We all love having fresh aloe on hand. Aloe may be best known for it’s use as a natural treatment for sunburns, but the benefits of aloe extend far beyond helping your skin heal. Learn how aloe can help keep your heart, teeth, digestive tract, and more healthy.

Aloe vera: an impressive medicinal plant with versatile qualities

The aloe vera plant contains an abundance of nutrients that make it incredibly healthy. These include vitamins like A, C, E, and B vitamins. It is also rich in antioxidants, antiseptic agents, immune-boosting compounds, enzymes, anti-inflammatory nutrients, and more. Each of these qualities has beneficial effects in the body, which range from speeding the healing of skin to keeping your heart healthy. 7 Top Aloe Vera Plant Uses

1. Healing wounds. Aloe is an excellent product to apply to wounds to help them heal better. It is a natural antiseptic agent, which helps to keep your wound clean and free of infection; it is anti-inflammatory, which helps aid in the healing process; it stimulates the growth and proliferation of new cells to help rebuild injured tissue; and it can even help reduce pain. Aloe has been an effective treatment for skin wounds ranging from burns (including sunburns) to C-section surgical wounds and more. To watch a video on how to use aloe vera for burn treatment, click here.

2. Lower cholesterol and triglycerides. When taken orally, aloe can do wonders for bringing cholesterol and triglyceride levels down. In one study, people took either 100 mg or 200 mg of aloe vera gel powder daily for three months. Significant reductions in total cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL-cholesterol, along with an increase in healthy HDL-cholesterol, were seen in both groups. In another, 500 mg of aloe vera gel powder significantly improved cholesterol and triglyceride levels after eight weeks.

3. Reduce blood pressure. Aloe may also benefit heart health by lowering blood pressure. When people took 100 mg of aloe vera gel powder for three months, they saw significant drops in blood pressure. Systolic blood pressure decreased from an average of 140.1 mmHg to an average of 129.8 mmHg, and diastolic blood pressure decreased from 88.6 mmHg to 83.6 mmHg.

4. Improve dental health. One of the surprising applications of aloe is in dental health. Aloe has been shown to help conditions like gingivitis, periodontitis, and more. It also may be effective in helping prevent cavities, as it has antibacterial qualities. Studies show that is as effective as popular commercial toothpastes in controlling common bacteria responsible for cavities. Researchers note that as a toothpaste, it is also less harsh and can be good for people with sensitive teeth.

5. Treat ulcerative colitis. Because of its anti-inflammatory and wound healing properties, aloe is also helpful for those with the inflammatory bowel disease ulcerative colitis. It is known to help decrease compounds implicated in the disease called prostaglandins and interleukins. One study found that when patients with ulcerative colitis took 100 mL of aloe vera gel two times a day for four weeks, their symptoms improved significantly. After four weeks, 30% of the patients taking aloe experienced clinical remission of the disease, compared to only 7% of those on placebo. To read more about aloe and other natural treatments for ulcerative colitis, go here.

6. Manage diabetes. Aloe may help lower blood sugar, too. One hundred mg of aloe vera gel powder reduced fasting blood sugar significantly in diabetics after three months of treatment.

7. Relieve symptoms of psoriasis. Aloe is at least effective as a prescription cream (triamcinolone acetonid) in improving psoriasis symptoms.[11] It works well applied directly to psoriasis patches to help find relief from rashes, dryness, itchiness, and more. How to Keep an Aloe Vera Plant and How to Use It

Growing an aloe vera plant in your home is easy. Find an aloe vera plant at a local nursery and plant it in a small to medium-sized pot. Aloe doesn’t need a lot of water, as it is a desert plant. Water your plant by pouring water slowly through the center of the plant. Water about once a week, letting the soil become dry in between. Keep it in a well-lit place where it will get plenty of sunlight.

When you are ready to use your aloe vera, all you need to do is cut a leaf (or part of a leaf) off of the plant. For topical applications on the skin, cut off the tip of a leaf. Slice it open to reveal the insides. Apply the clear, gel-like insides directly to the affected area on the skin.

For oral intake, you can try making your own aloe vera gel and juice. Cut an entire large leaf (or a few leaves at once) off of the plant. Peel off the green outer layer from one side with a knife, then use a spoon to scoop out the insides. Blend the gel in a blender until smooth. Store in the refrigerator. When ready to drink, place about 2 tablespoons into a glass of water and stir.

If you don’t want to make your own or you don’t want to grow a plant, you can purchase pre-prepared products, such as whole-leaf aloe vera juice, aloe-vera skin creams, aloe toothpastes, or pure aloe vera gel. Be sure to find natural products free of harmful additives.


Health Risks & Benefits of Taking Aloe Vera Juice Internally

By Nadia Haris (Demand Media)

Aloe vera juice contains leaf pulp that is rich in natural nutrients and fiber. This well-known herbal remedy for the skin also has many benefits for internal healing, cleansing and repair when ingested as a nutritional drink. However, it can cause adverse side effects and reactions and should only be taken as directed. Do not consume aloe vera that is not made for internal, use and consult your doctor before self-medicating for any reason.

Digestive Benefits

Aloe vera contains nutrient compounds that help to heal and soothe the skin when used externally. It may also have similar benefits on the lining of the digestive tract, when ingested as a drink. A review published in the "British Journal of General Practice" notes that aloe vera decreases irritation and enhances healing and repair of ulcers in the stomach and intestines. Aloe vera juice also helps to decrease inflammation in irritable bowel syndrome, colitis and other inflammatory disorders of the gut. Additionally, aloe vera can increase healthy bacteria in the intestines that aid digestion.

Immune Benefits

Research published in the "Journal of Environmental Science and Health" notes that aloe vera contains anti-bacterial, anti-viral and anti-fungal properties that aid the immune system to cleanse the body of toxins and invading pathogens. Additionally, aloe vera helps to balance the immune system to reduce the effects of seasonal allergies, rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory immune disorders.

Heart Benefits

Taking aloe vera internally may also help improve blood circulation in the body. A clinical study published in the medical journal "Angiology" reported that aloe vera may help decrease total fat levels in patients with high cholesterol. This helps to reduce fatty deposits and blood clots in the arteries of the heart and body. The research noted that patients with diabetes showed the highest improvement in cholesterol level; however, the exact mechanism of these benefits are not yet determined.

Diarrhea Risk

The Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center warns that drinking aloe vera can cause adverse effects such as diarrhea. This occurs because aloe juice and aloe latex contain a substance called anthraquinone, which is a laxative. Severe diarrhea can cause pain, cramping and dehydration. Consult your doctor or nutritionist before ingesting this herb and do not consume aloe vera that is not produced for internal use.

Drug interactions

Like other herbal supplements, taking aloe vera internally can cause adverse interactions with prescription and over-the-counter medications. Aloe vera may inhibit or increase the effects of some drugs, according to the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. For example, it may increase the blood-sugar-lowering effects of some diabetes medications and may cause potassium loss if taken with water pills or diuretics for heart conditions.


Aloe vera: Say hello to a wonder plant

By Fionnuala Fallon

This useful plant is used to reduce pain, to moisturise and to aid healing, among other properties

I burned my hand the other day. Not so badly that I had to contemplate going to the doctor, but badly enough that I could think about very little else other than the wince-inducing pain. And then I remembered the small, succulent houseplant that I grow in a pot on the kitchen windowsill for exactly this reason.

Naturalised in parts of Africa, Latin America, India, the Mediterranean and the Caribbean, Aloe vera is an evergreen shrubby perennia that forms a rosette of sharply toothed, pale green, fleshy leaves. Its various common names, for very good reasons, include the First Aid Plant, the Miracle Plant and Nature’s Soothing Healer. For centuries, people have used the clear, odourless ‘aloe gel’ contained within its plump leaves to soothe minor cuts, grazes, insect bites, burns and other relatively minor skin disorders such as dermatitis.

Scientists have since discovered that within that viscous gel are substances known as glycoproteins and polysaccharides, which help to kill bacteria/fungi and reduce pain and inflammation, while also stimulating the skin’s healing process and boosting the body’s immune system.

On top of this, its remarkable moisturising properties mean that aloe gel is also a popular ingredient in many cosmetics, shampoos, skin creams, sunscreens, ointments and lotions, even some perfumes … for example, in the Clarins eau-de-toilette, Eau Dynamisante.

Some studies suggest that aloe gel can be used as a treatment for psoriasis, acne, herpes, even frostbite. Other research suggests that when taken internally, aloe gel/juice may help people suffering from adult-onset diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and some gastrointestinal disorders, although such use is not recommended without strict medical supervision.

In my case, I simple broke off a fleshy leaf and smeared the clear, sticky gel or leaf pulp, properly known as ‘leaf parenchyma tissue’, on the affected area. Then I split the leaf lengthwise and gently held it there. Within seconds the pain had eased dramatically, reminding me once again of the many amazing healing powers of plants.

So how do you grow it? Quite easily, is the answer. As befits a plant that is typically found growing in free-draining, rocky soils in some of the world’s warmest regions, Aloe vera requires an especially well-drained growing medium and a bright, frost-free spot. For Irish gardeners, that means that this sun-loving, drought-tolerant plant needs to be grown under cover during our cool, damp winters, but can be moved outdoors during the warmer summer months. The only exceptions to this rule are the country’s mildest, most protected, coastal gardens.

When growing it as an indoor/conservatory plant, add some good quality sharp horticultural grit or perlite to the compost to ensure sharp drainage and then place the pot in a draught-free, bright spot where the minimum temperature doesn’t go below five degrees Celsius. As for many indoor plants, always reduce watering to a minimum during the winter to prevent the roots from rotting. Come spring, you’ll need to start watering more regularly (but never so much that it’s sitting for any length of time in sodden compost) and give it an occasional liquid feed to boost growth. Always let the compost almost dry out in between watering.

I keep my plant indoors throughout the year, but as mentioned earlier, it can be moved outside during the summer months. Just make sure to give it a bright, sheltered spot, safely away from dripping roof eaves or gutters, or the dense shadows cast by large shrubs or trees.

Grown as a pot plant, Aloe vera typically reaches a height and spread of approximately 30cm, roughly a half to a third of what it reaches when grown in the wild. Mine has never bloomed but that’s not to say that yours won’t eventually produce a stout flower stem covered in yellow/orange tubular flowers in late winter/early spring.

Over time, baby plants or ‘offshoots’ will appear close to the base of the parent plant. These should be gently pulled away in summer, potted on and placed somewhere warm, out of direct sunshine, where they will soon root. Given the plant’s famed curative powers, you’ll always find a welcome home for such progeny.

The parent plant itself will also need occasional re-potting. Do this in summer also, taking care not to damage the fleshy roots. As for many indoor plants, its leaves can also get covered with a layer of dust over time. And so, every once in a while, I use a damp soft cloth to gently wipe mine down, taking care to avoid coming in contact with those sharp leaf spines.

Other than that, this remarkable plant seems impressively immune to attack by any pests and diseases, leading me to wonder whether its powerful curative properties extend to protecting it from such things. That wouldn’t surprise me in the least. Aloe vera plants are available to buy from most good garden centres, including Johnstown Garden Centre (from €12, johnstowngardencentre.ie)


Secret benefits of aloe vera for women’s health

By Gina Ricci (Philadelphia Wellness Examiner)

Aloe vera is well known for its beneficial properties, being often presented as a miracle plant. Interestingly enough, aloe vera has been used for beauty and healing purposes, since ancient Egypt. More recently, it has been discovered that aloe vera is quite beneficial for the health of women, as you will have the opportunity to discover on your own in the paragraphs that follow. Enjoy your read and do not hesitate to share your newfound information with your female friends and family members.

1 Menopause

When women enter menopause, they go through a number of changes, which can create more or less discomfort. In regard to the health of the skin, the aging process is aggravated by menopause, with fine lines and wrinkles becoming more obvious. While it is impossible to turn back the time, aloe vera can make a difference. It is often used as an ingredient in natural supplements for menopause, helping women go easier through such changes.

2 Sunburn

As a woman, a sunburn is quite dangerous, as it can affect the structure of the skin and lead to premature aging. If you have stayed in the sun for too long, it is recommended to use aloe vera as a natural healing agent. This natural remedy will provide the skin with both the necessary nutrients and antioxidants, in order to repair itself and eliminate the risk of photoaging. Moreover, aloe vera has an anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect at the level of the skin.

3 Tiredness

Unfortunately, many women lead stressful lives, finding very little or no time to rest. The signs of tiredness are obvious, with dark circles and bags under the eyes demonstrating that you have too many things on your plate. If you want to get rid of bags under eyes, you should definitely consider using aloe vera as a natural remedy. Aloe vera can help you eliminate the signs of tiredness, making you look better than ever.

4 Acne

Whether they have just reached puberty or entered adulthood, many women struggle with acne. This problem can have a negative effect on their self-esteem, reducing their confidence in themselves. Aloe vera can be used to improve the aspect of acne skin, healing any existent lesions and reducing the associated inflammation. Whether you use it as such or prefer a store-bought product that contains aloe vera, it is guaranteed you will love the aspect of the skin after a couple of weeks.

5 Moisturizer

Many women are on the lookout for the perfect moisturizer, spending generous amounts of money on expensive, yet less-effective products. If you want to moisturize your skin in an effective manner, you have to try out aloe vera (or at least products that contain such ingredients). Interestingly, aloe vera can moisturize the skin, without leaving it all greasy; this is the reason why an aloe vera moisturizer is recommended for all skin types.

6 Hair health

If you are tired of always dealing with hair loss and you want something to make your hair stronger, aloe vera is the ideal solution. You can use it as a conditioner, enjoying its moisturizing and strengthening properties at the level of the hair. All you have to do is apply aloe vera gel on your roots, after you have washed the hair. Leave it only for about ten minutes and then rinse your hair. Enjoy the new volume, shine and also the strong hair, all thanks to your secret remedy (aloe vera). Last, but not least, remember that aloe vera can stimulate the growth of the hair.

7 Scars

For women, having a scar can generate a lot of discomfort, especially if it is located in a visible location. Instead of worrying about such problems, you can use aloe vera with all the confidence. The aloe vera gel is an excellent remedy when it comes to scars, as it can stimulate the proper healing of the skin. The regular application of aloe vera will actually soften the scar tissue, making the respective scar less visible. So, the next time you are worried that you will have a mark on your skin, resort to aloe vera and everything will be fine.

These are only a couple of the many secret benefits that aloe vera has when it comes to women’s health. Keep in mind that you can also use aloe vera for a healthy digestion, as well as to stimulate the metabolism and maintain a healthy body weight. Moreover, aloe vera can be taken as a nutritional supplement, as it is quite rich in vitamins and minerals. Aloe vera has represented a natural remedy for a lot of problems, helping you stay strong and healthy. Do not hesitate to try it as recommended and enjoy its natural properties.


Aloe vera juice: 5 amazing benefits of guzzling the humble health drink

By Nikita Bhalla

From propelling weight-loss to detoxifying the body, aloe vera juice is a world of good health.

With a massive influx of sugar laden drinks and cold-press juices, the importance of drinking 'actual' healthy drinks is fading away, somewhere. Before you walk out of your house to buy another crate of colas to chill you down in the heat, you may want to have another look at your terrace garden. There, you spot an aloe vera plant--rich in fibre and natural nutrients, aloe vera juice can be extracted within no time. Just wash the leaf, cut it into two slices and extract the pulp out in a glass jar.

A well-known herbal remedy for the skin, aloe vera juice has many benefits to its credit. It not only heals you internally but also helps in cleansing and repairing of the body.

Here are some of the health benefits of the humble aloe vera.

  1. Helps in shedding weight: Aloe vera juice helps in weight loss by increasing metabolic rate to burn more calories. When you drink aloe vera juice, your body can naturally cleanse its digestive system, leading to a healthy weight management.
  2. Gives you a healthy skin: Aloe vera juice can help repair your collagen and elastin, giving you a radiant skin. The nutritional building blocks present in aloe vera, makes your skin fight the process of ageing and it also helps in soothing minor skin irritations, cuts and burns.
  3. Boosts immunity: Aloe vera juice contains many antioxidants which fight the free radicals found in human bodies and it also increases the body's metabolism.
  4. Promotes heart health: Drinking aloe vera juice could internally help you to improve blood circulation in the body. Aloe vera is known to decrease total fat levels in patients with high cholesterol. This further helps in reducing fatty deposits and blood clots in the arteries of the heart.
  5. Takes care of dental health: Aloe vera juice is known to be effective for your gums and mouth. It not only provides natural anti-microbial and anti-bacterial actions but it also contains several vitamins which promote cell healing and growth. It is a good source for healing mouth ulcers and bleeding gums.

8 Health Benefits of Antioxidant-Rich Aloe Vera

By Joe Leech (Authority Nutrition)

Aloe vera is a popular medicinal plant that has been used for thousands of years.

Here are eight health benefits of aloe vera that are supported by science.

It is best known for treating skin injuries, such as burns and sores, but may also have several other therapeutic properties.

1. Aloe Vera Contains Bioactive Compounds That Can Improve Health

Aloe vera is a thick, short-stemmed plant that stores water in its leaves.

It is widely used in the cosmetic, pharmaceutical and food industries, and has an estimated annual market value of $13 billion globally.

Aloe vera is well recognized by its thick, pointed and fleshy green leaves, which can grow to about 12-19 inches in length.

Each leaf is full of a slimy tissue that stores water, which makes the leaves thick. This slimy, water-filled tissue is the “gel” we associate with aloe vera products.

The gel contains most of the bioactive compounds in the plant, including vitamins, minerals, amino acids and antioxidants.

Bottom Line: Aloe vera is a popular medicinal plant that is used in the cosmetic, pharmaceutical and food industries. Its leaves are full of a “gel” that contains numerous beneficial compounds.

2. Aloe Vera Has Potent Antioxidant and Antibacterial Properties

Antioxidants are important for health.

Aloe vera gel contains powerful antioxidants, which belong to a large family of substances known as polyphenols.

These polyphenols, along with several other compounds in aloe vera, can help inhibit the growth of certain bacteria that can cause infections in humans (2).

Bottom Line: Aloe vera contains various powerful antioxidant compounds. Some of these compounds can help inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria.

3. Aloe Vera Accelerates The Healing of Burns

Aloe vera is most commonly used as a topical medication, rubbed onto the skin rather than eaten.

It has long been known as a treatment for sores, particularly burns, including sunburns.

In fact, the Food and Drug Administration first approved aloe vera ointment as an over-the-counter medication for skin burns back in 1959.

Studies suggest that it is an effective topical treatment for first- and second-degree burns.

A review of four experimental studies found that aloe vera could reduce the healing time of burns by around nine days compared to conventional medication.

The evidence for aloe vera helping to heal other types of wounds is inconclusive.

Bottom Line: Applying aloe vera to burn wounds appears to accelerate the healing process. The evidence is inconclusive for other wound types.

4. Pure Aloe Vera Juice Reduces Dental Plaque as Effectively as Mouthwash

Tooth decay and diseases of the gum are very common health problems.

One of the best ways to prevent this from happening is to reduce the buildup of plaque (bacterial biofilms) on the teeth.

In a mouth rinse study of 300 healthy people, 100 percent pure aloe vera juice was compared to the standard mouthwash ingredient chlorhexidine.

After four days of use, the aloe vera mouth rinse was found to be just as effective as chlorhexidine in reducing dental plaque.

Another study found similar benefits of aloe vera mouth rinse when used over a 15- to 30-day period.

Aloe vera does this by killing the plaque-producing bacterium Streptococcus mutans in the mouth, as well as the yeast Candida albicans.

Bottom Line: When used as a mouth rinse, pure Aloe vera juice is just as effective at reducing dental plaque buildup as regular mouthwash.

5. Aloe Vera Can be Used to Treat Mouth Ulcers (Canker Sores)

Many people have experienced mouth ulcers, or canker sores, at some point in their lives.

They usually form underneath the lip, inside the mouth, and last for about 7-10 days.

Studies have convincingly shown that aloe vera treatment can accelerate the healing of mouth ulcers.

In a seven-day study of 180 people with recurrent mouth ulcers, an aloe vera patch applied to the area was effective in reducing the size of the ulcers.

However, it did not outperform the conventional ulcer treatment, which is corticosteroids.

In another study, aloe vera gel not only accelerated the healing of mouth ulcers, it also reduced the pain associated with them.

Bottom Line: Application of aloe vera, either as a patch or gel, has been shown to aid in the recovery of mouth ulcers (canker sores).

6. Aloe Vera Can Help Treat Constipation

Aloe vera has often be used to treat constipation.

This time it is not the gel, but the latex, that provides the benefits.

The latex is a sticky yellow residue found just under the skin of the leaf.

The key compound responsible for this effect is called aloin, or barbaloin, which has well-established laxative effects.

However, some concerns have been raised about safety issues with frequent use. For this reason, aloe latex has not been available in the U.S. as an over-the-counter medication since 2002.

Contrary to popular belief, aloe vera does not appear to be effective against other digestive disorders, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Bottom Line: Aloe vera latex has strong laxative effects, making it useful to treat constipation. It does not appear to be beneficial for other diseases of the digestive tract.

7. Aloe Vera May Improve Skin Elasticity and Help Prevent Wrinkles

There is some preliminary evidence that topical aloe vera gel can slow aging of the skin.

In one study of 30 women over the age of 45, topical application of the gel was shown to increase collagen production and improve skin elasticity over a 90-day period.

Another study found that aloe vera reduced erythema (redness of the skin), but was also found to dehydrate skin cells .

There is very little evidence that aloe vera can treat skin conditions like psoriasis and radiation dermatitis.

Bottom Line: Early evidence suggests that Aloe vera may have anti-aging effects on the skin, but more research is needed.

8. Aloe Vera May Lower Blood Sugar Levels in Diabetics

Aloe vera has sometimes been used as a traditional diabetes remedy .

It is said to enhance insulin sensitivity and help improve blood sugar management.

Several animal and human studies in type 2 diabetics have actually found promising results from consuming aloe vera extract.

However, the quality of these studies was fairly poor, so it is definitely premature to recommend aloe vera for this purpose.

Additionally, there have been some cases of liver damage reported with long-term ingestion of aloe vera supplements .

9. Anything Else?

Aloe vera definitely has some unique therapeutic properties, especially when applied as an ointment for the skin and gums.


Five Reasons To Use Aloe Vera

By Emma Barlow

The Gran Canaria Wellness Association share their top five reasons why you should be using Aloe Vera

It's more than just a plant...

Aloe Vera has long been known as a handy product to cool the skin after overindulging in the sun but its uses and benefits do not stop there. The cactus-like plant has been valued for thousands of years for its cleansing and cooling properties and although 99% water, the 1% of Aloe is extremely powerful in soothing a variety of ailments. So much so, that we are still discovering it's seemingly endless benefits to this day.

A super plant in its own right, the Aloe Vera plant has over two hundred biologically active ingredients including vitamins, minerals, amino acids, enzymes and fatty acids. It is to no surprise that the Egyptians referred to it as "the plant of immortality" and even Cleopatra herself used it in her beauty regime almost 3,000 years ago.

Gran Canaria is home to some of the purest Aloe Vera in the world and is used frequently in spa treatments, including at the luxurious 'Aloe Spa' at The Sheraton Gran Canaria Salobre Golf Resort. The Gran Canaria Wellness Association share their top 5 reasons why you should be using this spiky green plant for your health.

1. Relax: A well-known Adaptogen, Aloe Vera boosts the body's natural ability to adapt to external change. It is thought that Aloe Vera balances the body's system, stimulating the defence and adaptive mechanisms of the body, helping you to cope with life's stresses.

2. A Super Food: Much like the popular Chia Seed, Aloe Vera is a gelatinous plant food. Gelatinous plant food moves through the intestinal tract absorbing toxins along the way helping with digestion and aiding in detoxification.

3. Luscious Locks: Often a build of dead skin cells clog up the pores of the scalp hindering the growth of new hair follicles. Aloe Vera, rich in protolithic enzymes gently aids in the removal of these dead cells and gently cleanses the scalp by removing excess sebum and encouraging healthy hair growth.

4. Keep Healthy: Aloe Vera when consumed is packed full of polysaccharide which stimulate the white blood cells in our immune system to strengthen and fight against viruses. Aloe's natural high levels of anti-oxidants also naturally help to increase the bodies overall sense of wellbeing.

5. Clear Glowing Skin: Aloe Vera has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that can prevent and reduce skin inflammation. This natural ingredient is perfect for providing the skin with natural source of moisture and providing a glowing complexion.


Aloe Vera : The Magic Potion For Your Body

By Niharika Choudhary

We face thousands of problems with our skin and hair and never think before rushing to get them sorted out, either at some expensive saloon or at a dermatologist's clinic. The remedy to most of our skin and hair problems lies in a pot that is in our balcony or our kitchen garden. Yes!

We are talking about the all-time favourite plant, Aloe Vera. Did you know that the Egyptians called aloe vera' the plant of immortality'?

Aloe vera is a magical remedy for all your health troubles. Be it skin problems, hair issues or any kind of a health disorder, aloe vera seems to have calmed down every such problem. Aloe vera can be used in the form of a cream, lotion, gel, serum, spray or with face and hair packs.

It can also be consumed raw or in the form of juice or tablets. Aloe vera works wonders for the body. When mixed with some other Ayurvedic or natural ingredients, its goodness increases manifolds.

Here, we are listing down the different uses and benefits of aloe vera, so that you make sure to bring this awesome garden plant to reap its maximum benefits for yourself and your loved ones.

Best Skin Treatment

You just need to get in the habit of applying aloe vera on your skin, either in the form of a gel or cream; or the best one, take a stalk of aloe vera, slice it from the centre and rub it on your face and the other desired parts.

Aloe vera is the best moisturiser ever, it is non greasy in nature, it increases the water content in your skin and leaves the skin feeling hydrated and soft.

It is also an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory agent and it reduces acne, heals sunburn as well as the redness that is brought about by the constant exposure to UV rays.

It helps in reducing the tan and lightens up the skin tone. Aloe vera removes the dead skin cells, improves the elasticity of the skin and makes it smoother and supple, thus preventing the early signs of ageing. It stimulates the growth of new cells, fastens the healing process and prevents the appearance of scars. It can also be used to treat small cuts, bruises and insect bites.

Better Than All The Hair Spas

Aloe vera works as the best hair care treatment as well. It can be used with hair packs, mixed in oil, applied or rubbed on to the hair scalp in the form of juice or just raw.

The best benefit of aloe vera is that it maintains the pH value of your scalp, thus keeping the scalp moisturised and well conditioned.

It promotes hair growth, conditions the hair, removes the dead skin cells and also eliminates dandruff. Aloe vera has reserves of antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, which help it to fight against all kinds of hair-related infections. The use of aloe vera moisturises your hair, leaving it smooth and glossy.

Health Benefits

Aloe vera is the powerhouse with reserves of anti-inflammatory compounds and antioxidants. Its consumption helps to eradicate free radicals that cause damage to our body cells. When taken in the form of a juice, aloe vera helps to soothe the irritation in the stomach lining and oesophagus.

Studies have shown that aloe vera can reduce the concentration of cholesterol in your vital organs. Aloe vera also comes with oral benefits, as it helps fight the cavity-causing bacteria. Aloe vera thus boosts your immune system.

On the whole, aloe vera is the one-stop shop for almost all of your problems; however, pregnant and breastfeeding women should restrict the use of aloe vera, as it may cause complications to the mother and baby. Too much intake of aloe vera can be harmful for people with diabetes as well, as it lowers the blood sugar level. Similarly, it should also be avoided by people who are about to undergo a surgery.


Aloe vera helps prevent pollen allergy: Doctor

(Agencies, The Nation)

Islamabad - Balanced diet and use of aloe vera with empty stomach daily is the best prevention for the pollen allergy contraction as it boosts one’s immune system. One table spoon gel of aloe vera with empty stomach daily is the best prevention against pollen allergy, said doctor Syed Hasnain Ali Johar while taking to APP.

He said that those having weak immune system are more likely to fell victim to pollen allergy.

Dr Johar said that pollen allergy symptoms include sneezing and runny nose, itching and watering of eyes, coughing, and difficulty in breathing, wheezing and eventually attacks of asthma.

In addition, there may be itching on the skin and sometimes gastro-intestinal problems, he added. He said that main plants causing, this allergy, are mulberry in March-April while cannabis in June-July.

Replying to a question, he said pollen allergy is not infectious but a seasonal disease.

He advised pollen allergy patients to avoid the spicy food and pulses, potatoes, cauliflower and banana adding that they must avoid soft drinks.

He forbade use of perfumes, frequently going out in the evenings and suggested to wear face mask, use wet cloth for dusting, avoid the use of floor carpets, not to open the window of car, use vacuum cleaner instead of broom, use sun glasses in outdoor and apply fresh water in eyes and nose and avoid using hot water, are the measures which can control it to a limited extent.”

He advised the use of any oil including mustard oil for oiling the inner nostrils with finger as the best remedy to prevent pollen allergy. Director General Pakistan Meteorological Department Ghulam Rasool said that average Pollen Count for Islamabad today is 27.

He, however, said that during current season, intensity of pollen allergy would be low due to decrease number of paper mulberry trees and green grass in the capital.

He said rain is also expected in the last week of February and first week of March it will also help to reduce magnitude of the pollen allergy. To a question, he said that pollen allergy is expected from March 9 to March 25 with low intensity during current season. Red meat compound linked to worse outcomes in heart failure patients: Study

A new study finds that worse outcomes in patients with acute heart failure are linked to higher levels of TMAO - the major source of which is thought to be L-carnitine, a compound that is metabolized by gut bacteria during the digestion of red meat.

Previous studies have linked TMAO (trimethylamine N-oxide) with higher risk of death in chronic heart failure, note the researchers, but their study appears to be the first to find such a link in patients with acute heart failure.

The results showed that acute heart failure patients who had higher levels of TMAO at the start of the period were the ones most likely to die or be rehospitalized with heart failure in the following 12 months.

Prof Suzuki said, “Higher levels of TMAO, a metabolite of carnitine derived from red meat, is associated with poorer outcomes associated with acute heart failure, one of the main diseases of the heart. This metabolic pathway provides a possible link between how red meat is associated with heart disease.”

Red meat is not the only dietary source of carnitine - for example, milk, cheese, whole-wheat products and asparagus also contain it, but in much smaller concentrations. It is also a common ingredient of energy drinks. Some research suggests the effect of bacteria metabolizing carnitine into TMAO and influencing heart risk appears to be more pronounced in people who consume meat than in vegans or vegetarians. But it is early days, and the implications of these findings are not well understood and require more research.


Aloe Vera : The Magic Potion For Your Body

By Niharika Choudhary

We face thousands of problems with our skin and hair and never think before rushing to get them sorted out, either at some expensive saloon or at a dermatologist's clinic.

The remedy to most of our skin and hair problems lies in a pot that is in our balcony or our kitchen garden. Yes! We are talking about the all-time favourite plant, Aloe Vera.

Did you know that the Egyptians called aloe vera' the plant of immortality'?

Aloe vera is a magical remedy for all your health troubles. Be it skin problems, hair issues or any kind of a health disorder, aloe vera seems to have calmed down every such problem.

Aloe vera can be used in the form of a cream, lotion, gel, serum, spray or with face and hair packs. It can also be consumed raw or in the form of juice or tablets.

Aloe vera works wonders for the body. When mixed with some other Ayurvedic or natural ingredients, its goodness increases manifolds.

Here, we are listing down the different uses and benefits of aloe vera, so that you make sure to bring this awesome garden plant to reap its maximum benefits for yourself and your loved ones.

Best Skin Treatment

You just need to get in the habit of applying aloe vera on your skin, either in the form of a gel or cream; or the best one, take a stalk of aloe vera, slice it from the centre and rub it on your face and the other desired parts.

You just need to get in the habit of applying aloe vera on your skin, either in the form of a gel or cream; or the best one, take a stalk of aloe vera, slice it from the centre and rub it on your face and the other desired parts.

Aloe vera is the best moisturiser ever, it is non greasy in nature, it increases the water content in your skin and leaves the skin feeling hydrated and soft.

It is also an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory agent and it reduces acne, heals sunburn as well as the redness that is brought about by the constant exposure to UV rays. It helps in reducing the tan and lightens up the skin tone.

Aloe vera removes the dead skin cells, improves the elasticity of the skin and makes it smoother and supple, thus preventing the early signs of ageing.

Better Than All The Hair Spas

It stimulates the growth of new cells, fastens the healing process and prevents the appearance of scars. It can also be used to treat small cuts, bruises and insect bites.

Better Than All The Hair Spas Aloe vera works as the best hair care treatment as well. It can be used with hair packs, mixed in oil, applied or rubbed on to the hair scalp in the form of juice or just raw.

The best benefit of aloe vera is that it maintains the pH value of your scalp, thus keeping the scalp moisturised and well conditioned. It promotes hair growth, conditions the hair, removes the dead skin cells and also eliminates dandruff.

Aloe vera has reserves of antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, which help it to fight against all kinds of hair-related infections. The use of aloe vera moisturises your hair, leaving it smooth and glossy.

Health Benefits

Aloe vera is the powerhouse with reserves of anti-inflammatory compounds and antioxidants. Its consumption helps to eradicate free radicals that cause damage to our body cells. When taken in the form of a juice, aloe vera helps to soothe the irritation in the stomach lining and oesophagus. Studies have shown that aloe vera can reduce the concentration of cholesterol in your vital organs.

Aloe vera also comes with oral benefits, as it helps fight the cavity-causing bacteria. Aloe vera thus boosts your immune system.

On the whole, aloe vera is the one-stop shop for almost all of your problems; however, pregnant and breastfeeding women should restrict the use of aloe vera, as it may cause complications to the mother and baby. Too much intake of aloe vera can be harmful for people with diabetes as well, as it lowers the blood sugar level. Similarly, it should also be avoided by people who are about to undergo a surgery.


Ways To Use Aloe Vera To Treat Acne And Scars

(Bindu)

Acne and acne scars are one of the major skin problems that we all face most often. Acne and scars make the skin appear dull. The skin also looks blemished because of the scars. Acne is caused when the skin pores get blocked. This gives a favourable condition to the bacteria to live and thrive on the skin, which eventually makes the skin look worse. The reasons behind several acne breakouts could be hormonal imbalances, poor diet, dehydration, body heat and an improper skin care. There are many natural remedies that can treat acne. However, aloe vera tops the list of the ingredients that can cure acne. Aloe vera possesses antibacterial and healing abilities that can reduce the presence of acne. Its natural astringent quality keeps the pores clean, giving less scope for the pimples and acne to develop. Aloe vera gel reduces the inflammation and clears the skin. There are different ways by which aloe vera gel on the skin can be used to cure acne, and therefore, in this article, we at Boldksy will be listing out some of the ways to use aloe vera to get a clear and acne-free skin. Have a look:

Aloe Vera With Turmeric: Aloe vera gel soothes the skin. Turmeric has antibacterial property that can treat acne and pimples. Take half a teaspoon of aloe vera gel. Add 2 pinches of turmeric to it. Apply this mixture on to the affected area and rinse after sometime.

Aloe Vera With Lemon Juice: This mixture is best suited to heal the scar marks on the skin. It reduces the dark spots that are left behind when the pimples get healed. This fades the acne marks and pimples effectively. Add half a teaspoon of lemon juice to one teaspoon of aloe vera gel. Apply this mixture on to the acne-prone areas every night and rinse it off the next morning.

Aloe Vera And Tea Tree Oil : Tea tree oil is known to reduce pimple and scar marks with its regular usage. A mixture of aloe vera and tea tree oil renders the skin free from bacterial infection and makes the skin clear. Mix a few drops of tea tree oil to 1 teaspoon of aloe vera gel. Apply this on to the skin and rinse after sometime.

Plain Aloe Vera Extract: Extract the fresh aloe vera juice. Apply it on the entire face and rinse thoroughly after sometime. Aloe vera gel contains ingredients that kill the bacteria, which cause acne. Use aloe vera for a period of one month to get the desired results.

Aloe Vera With Honey: Aloe vera and honey are the best ingredients that one can use to get rid of acne and acne scars. Mix aloe vera gel with a teaspoon of honey. Apply this mixture on the skin. Leave it for sometime and later rinse.


Aloe vera and autoimmune disease

(All Woman With Donovan Grant)

Dear Donovan,

Can you tell me if aloe vera is good for autoimmune diseases and if consuming it will improve my skin tone?

Aloe vera is a succulent plant which belongs to the same family as onion and garlic. Historical evidence has pointed to the origin of aloe vera in Africa. It is also called the miracle plant. It contains over 200 active components including vitamins, minerals, amino acids, enzymes, polysaccharides and fatty acids.

It is very important to note that aloe vera is only one of a few plants which contain vitamin B12. The bulk of the aloe vera stem is filled with a gel-like substance which is about 99 per cent water. This plant has been used therapeutically by many for over 4000 years.

The therapeutic use of aloe vera is still very popular in Jamaica and worldwide. A study was carried out in Jamaica to determine the prevalence of herbs used for medicinal and other properties in randomly selected communities, (Grant and Meeks Gardner, 1999). This study has shown that the use of aloe vera is very prevalent, both in urban and rural communities. Aloe vera was mainly reported to be used to purge (detox) the blood.

Among its many therapeutic properties, several studies have shown that the plant is very helpful in the treatment of autoimmune disorders. Basically, autoimmune disorders cause either low activity or over activity of the immune system. Under these conditions, the body attacks its own tissues. These disorders decrease the body’s ability to fight foreign organisms. This results in the person becoming susceptible to infection.

Examples of autoimmune disorders include rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus, inflammatory bowel disease and type 1 diabetes. Aloe vera contains a very important substance called acemannan which is a polysaccharide. This substance in aloe vera helps to stimulate the white blood cells which fight against foreign microorganisms in the body. In addition, aloe vera is also an immune booster because of the high level of antioxidants which help to eliminate free radicals.

Overall, there are compounds in aloe vera which can act as immune modulators. This means that these compounds have the ability to slow down or speed up the immune system response, thus protecting the body against itself.

Aloe vera is one of the primary compounds used in the cosmetic industry because of its healing properties. Also, the plant is very useful to hydrate, moisturise, soften, smooth and rejuvenate the skin when applied topically because of its high water content. In addition, aloe vera increases the elasticity of the skin, making it more flexible. The plant will also help to improve the blood flow to the skin, which helps to nourish and improve the formation of skin cells.

When aloe vera is taken internally, the gel goes through the intestinal tract, absorbing toxins along the way. These toxins usually become eliminated through the colon. The fact that aloe vera alkalises the body, the proper elimination of waste and toxins will definitely improve skin tone. In addition, aloe vera contains many antioxidants which will help to remove free radicals which can damage the skin. However, it should be noted that aloe vera is a potent medicinal plant and its medicinal uses should be respected and not abused. Therefore, some consideration must be taken, especially with the internal use.

Studies have shown that the long-term use of aloe vera can lead to a loss of electrolytes, especially potassium. Overall, it is generally thought that the use of aloe vera with periodic breaks is relatively safe.


Home remedy for mouth ulcers: Aloe vera gel

By Poorva Chavan

Forget rubbing toothpaste on your mouth ulcer. Here's what you should actually do!

Mouth ulcers are very common and almost everyone suffers from them at least once in a lifetime. Spicy food, citrus fruits like strawberries, oranges, poor oral hygiene are a few triggers of mouth ulcers. Many a times stress and conditions like constipation can also cause mouth ulcers. Here are a few more reasons you could be suffering from recurrent mouth ulcers.

Mouth ulcers do go away over a period of time but if they are treated at the right time, the pain and discomfort they cause can be avoided. There are various natural remedies you can use to treat mouth ulcers, but one of the best ways is to use aloe vera gel.

Aloe vera gel is known to be a cooling agent and can tackle mouth ulcers because many a times they are caused because of body heat. Aloe vera gel also has wound healing and anti-inflammatory properties. The pain associated with mouth ulcers is mainly due to the inflammation and hence, its anti-inflammatory properties help in reducing the pain. Also, aloe vera gel contains a mucopolysaccharide called acemannan which has the ability to alter the immune response of the body and help the wound to heal.[1] Here’s how you can use honey to treat mouth ulcers.

How to use aloe vera gel for treating mouth ulcers–

Aloe vera gel is the transparent gel-like substance in the centre of the leaves. You can simply cut open an aloe vera leaf and scoop the gel inside the leaf. Apply the gel on the ulcerated area in your mouth at least twice a day.

Reference:

1. Babaee N, Zabihi E, Mohseni S, Moghadamnia AA. Evaluation of the therapeutic effects of aloe vera gel on minor recurrent aphthous stomatitis.Dental Research Journal. 2012;9(4):381-385.

Photos of the Aloe Vera Plant